YOTVATAH (Heb. יָטְבְתָה), kibbutz in southern Israel, in the Arabah Valley 26 mi. (40 km.) N. of Eilat, affiliated with Iḥud ha-Kevuẓot ve-ha-Kibbutzim. Yotvatah was founded in 1951 as a Naḥal\>\> outpost by Israel-born graduates of youth movements and later joined by pioneers from various countries. Nearby is the Yotvatah playa and one of the largest springs of the southern Arabah, from which the principal water supply was first drawn to Eilat. Situated at an isolated spot near the Jordanian frontier, Yotvatah suffered from frequent enemy attacks. In 2002 its population was 576. It developed methods for progressive oasis farming, producing mainly out-of-season vegetables and flowers, dates and other tropical fruit, etc. Yotvatah ran a dairy for pasteurized milk products, but also sold other products, such as fruit juices. In 1998 part of the dairy was sold to the Straus company, a large family-owned food enterprise. The kibbutz experimented with hydroponics and was active in regional nature research. It set up a small wildlife reserve. The name Yotvatah is biblical (Jotbath; Num. 33:33; Deut. 10:7). See also: Jotbath, Jothbatah\>\> . (Efraim Orni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GEOGRAPHICAL SURVEY — Names The name Ereẓ Israel (the Land of Israel) designates the land which, according to the Bible was promised as an inheritance to the Israelite tribes. In the course of time it came to be regarded first by the Jews and then also by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JOTBATH, JOTHBATAH — (Heb. יָטְבָתָה), a station of the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness, situated between Hor Haggidgad and Abronah (Num. 33:33–34). It is also described as a land of brooks of water (Deut. 10:7). The identification of Jotbath… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARABAH, THE — (Heb. הָעֲרָבָה, Aravah, Ar. al [b]ʿAraba[/b]; (arid) steppe, desert ), name of two stretches of depressed ground extending north and south of the dead sea . The biblical Arabah, except in one instance, refers to the northern Arabah, i.e., the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELATH — (in modern Israel, Eilat; Heb. אֵילַת, אֵילֹת, אֵיוֹת), ancient harbor town in Transjordan at the northern end of the Red Sea near ezion geber . Elath is first mentioned in the account of the Israelites wanderings in the desert during the Exodus… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POPULATION — THE JEWISH POPULATION Growth by Aliyah In 1882 the Jewish population of Ereẓ Israel numbered some 24,000, roughly 5% of the total, and about 0.3% of the world Jewish population. Since then there has been an almost continuous flow of aliyah, which …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NEGEV — (Heb. בֶגֶנ; from the root בגנ, dry, parched ), an area comprising those southern parts of the Land of Israel which are characterized by a totally arid desert climate, contrasting with the semiarid Mediterranean climate of the country s center… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”